WELCOME TO IQUITOS CITY
Capital of the Peruvian Amazon
Iquitos city is located in the Great Plains of the Amazon Basin.It is the largest city in the world that cannot be reached by road. It is accessible only by river and air.
The history of Iquitos begins with the discovery of the Amazon River basin and is one of the biggest cities in the Peruvian Amazon.
Iquitos was first settled by Europeans-Peruvians in the middle of the 18th century, with its initial purpose being to serve as an important Jesuit mission for the region natives.
It started to expand in a noticeable was roughly a century later, when established settlers defined the region of Loreto and its boundary, making Iquitos the capital of Loreto.
The rubber boom
The rubber industry was a key factor in the history of Iquitos, with a major rubber boom taking place here during the early years of the 1900s, drawing a huge numbers of immigrants.
The majority of those arriving in this remote region of the Amazon, dreaming that rubber would bring them enormous prosperity and new life.
The rubber boom started in Manaus Brazil and than came to the Peruvian region in Iquitos city becoming very prosperous in all Loreto department.
The Historic Center of Iquitos has several structures that have been designated as part of the Cultural Heritage of the Nation: the Cathedral of Iquitos, the Iron House, the Old Hotel Palace, Cohen House, and more than 70 other buildings.
Other landmarks are the Plaza de Armas, Jiron Prospero, an avenue that is the site of several shopping and historical areas, and the lively neighborhood of Belén, often dubbed the "Amazon Venice" for its many waterways.
The city is also home to the Amazon Library, one of the two most important in Latin America...